3 edition of halogenated hydrocarbons of industrial and toxicological importance. found in the catalog.
halogenated hydrocarbons of industrial and toxicological importance.
W. F. Von Oettingen
Full text Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (K), or click on a page image below to browse page by by: Premier reference for toxicological information on a large number of industrial chemicals that pose potential health hazards. Patty's covers metal compounds; organic halogenated hydrocarbons and organic nitrogen compounds; organic halogenated hydrocarbons and aliphatic carboxylic acid compounds; ketones, alcohols, and ester compounds; and epoxy Author: Erin Rowley.
Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. ban on chemical substitutes such as Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) in industrial nations and to some degree in developing nations; replaced by hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) Status and changes ozone-depleting substances were released into the atmosphere in large quantities especially in the s and s.
Halogenated hydrocarbons in the atmosphere. Lovelock JE. The sources, sinks, and tropospheric abundancies of the gaseous halocarbons, so far as they are known, are listed and discussed. The relative importance of natural and of man-made halocarbons is discussed within the context of contemporary concern about the depletion of stratospheric. Abstract. Hydrocarbons are a diverse group of chemicals made up of carbons and hydrogens that are the building blocks of life. Because they are ubiquitous, they are found not only in plants and animals but also in alcohols, solvents, natural gas, petroleum derivatives, and many industrial chemicals.
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The Halogenated Hydrocarbons of Industrial and Toxicological Importance. The present volume follows this format and points out the narcotic properties of the halogenated hydrocarbons in relation to their vapor pressure, indicating at the same time the various possible routes of metabolism and excretion.
The Halogenated Hydrocarbons of. Additional Physical Format: Online version: Von Oettingen, W.F. (Wolfgang Felix), Halogenated hydrocarbons of industrial and toxicological importance. The book is organized into two parts, part 1 deals with the saturated compounds, and part 2 deals with the unsaturated compounds.
Part 1 is further subdivided into the methane and ethane derivatives. Most of the agents are chlorinated derivatives; however, some brominated, iodinated, and fluorinated derivatives are also : Gabriel L.
Plaa. In a previous review (Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology, ), the author covered the general field of the halogenated aliphatic hydrocarbons with respect to their toxicity and potential the publication of this review, many new halogenated hydrocarbons have been synthesized and a number of them have assumed importance in Author: Carl A.
Dragstedt. H.M. Mehendale, in Comprehensive Toxicology, Halogenated hydrocarbons represent a large group of aromatic and aliphatic compounds with diverse industrial, agricultural, medical, and public health applications. Aliphatic halogenated hydrocarbons comprise many haloalkanes, haloalkenes, and haloalkynes which are released into the environment or detected in drinking.
Toxicology of Halogenated Hydrocarbons: Health and Ecological Effects covers the papers of a symposium held at the 2nd Chemical Congress of the North American Continent and the th national meeting of the American Chemical Society in fall of in Las Vegas, Nevada, USA.
Toxicology of Halogenated Hydrocarbons: Health and Ecological Effects covers the papers of a symposium held at the 2nd Chemical Congress of the North American Continent and the th national meeting of the American Chemical Society Book Edition: 1. Haloalkane or alkyl halides are the compounds which have the general formula "RX" where R is an alkyl or substituted alkyl group and X is a halogen (F, Cl, Br, I).
Haloalkanes have been known for centuries. Chloroethane was produced synthetically in the 15th century. The systematic synthesis of such compounds developed in the 19th century in. JBUj LISTING BACKGROUND DOCUMENT Wastes from Usage of Halogenated Hydrocarbon Solvents in Degreasing Operations The following spent halogenated solvents used in degreasing: tetrachloroethylene, methylene chloride, trichloroethylene, 1,1,1-trichloroethane, carbon tetrachloride and the chlorinated fluorocarbons; and sludges from the recovery of these.
This is “Organic Chemistry: Alkanes and Halogenated Hydrocarbons”, chapter 12 from the book Introduction to Chemistry: General, Organic, and Biological (v. For details on it (including licensing), click here. Name halogenated hydrocarbons given formulas and write formulas for these compounds given names.
Many organic compounds are closely related to the alkanes. As we noted in Section "Chemical Properties of Alkanes", alkanes react with halogens to produce halogenated hydrocarbons, the simplest of which have a single halogen atom substituted.
As chlorine and fluorine are both halogens, this group of refrigerants is called the halogenated hydrocarbons or halocarbons. They are sometimes referred to freons which are colourless, non-inflammable, non-corrodent to most metals and generally nonnonnon-toxic nonCommon refrigerants in this group are R, R, R and RRRR This book promotes a basic understanding of the concept of solubility and miscibility between halogenated hydrocarbons and water.
It points out the regularities existing between solubility and physical properties of solute and solvent. The book is. Benzo[a]pyrene (under Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, 15 Listings) R 2 Reserpine R Propylthiouracil R 4 Ethyl Carbamate (See Urethane) R 3 Urethane (Urethan; Ethyl carbamate) R 3 Thiotepa [in 7th ARC as tris(1-Aziridinyl)phosphine Sulfide] K 2c 8d Chemical industry - Chemical industry - Aliphatic hydrocarbons: Because of the interlocking network of the chemical industry, it will be helpful to return briefly to the original raw materials.
Earlier the aromatic group of organic chemicals was described; contrasted with these are the aliphatics, of which a number of quite simple chemicals are of industrial importance. A halogenated hydrocarbon is a hydrocarbon that contains one or more halogen atoms.
The chemical compound is also known as a halocarbon. Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) are halogenated hydrocarbons that are used as refrigerants, but lead to ozone depletion. Methyl bromide is used as a fumigant.
Chloroethane is used as a solvent. Halogenated hydrocarbons are a subgroup of aromatic hydrocarbons, in which one of the hydrogen molecules is substituted by a halogen group. The most important halogenated hydrocarbons include carbon tetrachloride, trichloroethylene, tetrachloroethylene, trichloroethane, chloroform, and methylene chloride.
Halogenated unsaturated hydrocarbons. Fishbein L. The halogenated aliphatic hydrocarbons represent one of the most important categories of industrial chemicals from a consideration of use categories, production volume, environmental and toxicological considerations, and hence most importantly, potential population by: The Halogenated Hydrocarbons of Industrial and Toxicological Importance.
The book is organized into two parts, part 1 deals with the saturated compounds, and. Abstract. The halogenated hydrocarbons represent one of the most important categories of industrial chemicals owing to their use, production volume, environmental and toxicological activity and, hence most important, potential population by: 4.Halogenated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (HPAHs) have been reported to occur in air, sediment, fly ash, and biota samples.
This review summarized current existing data on the environmental.hydrocarbons including the halogenated insecticides, their toxicity and potential dangers. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health, Education and .